THE CONSTITUTION OF THE PORTUGUESE REPUBLIC

The Constitution is the country's supreme law. It enshrines the fundamental rights that pertain to citizens, the essential principles that govern the Portuguese State, and the major political guidelines with which the latter's entities and organs must comply. It also lays down the rules for organising political power.

In other words, it establishes the structure of the state and defines the competences of the main entities that exercise sovereign power (the President and the Assembly of the Republic, the Government, and the Courts), and regulates the way in which they relate to one another.

All the other laws must respect the Constitution - if they don't, they are unconstitutional and thus invalid.

The Constitution of the Portuguese Republic was passed in 1976, and since then has been amended several times.

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